NASA has declared what makes the moon have its pattern of lighter and darker swirls. Following the bureau, the magnetic fields of the moon and the solar wind work together to provide the moon its design, as seen from the picture below. NASA used information from its ARTEMIS mission to make the discovery. The Sun has a constant outflow of particles and radiation called the solar wind. The solar wind strikes all the planets, moons, along with other bodies in the solar system producing the heliosphere that extends well beyond the orbit of Pluto.
Since the solar wind is magnetized, the natural magnetic field of the Earth deflects the solar wind around the globe allowing just a small fraction of it to reach the air of Earth. The moon, and on the other hand, has no magnetic field. The Moon does have spots of magnetic fields because of magnetized stones on its surface fields that are local are produced by that. Those areas are anyplace from many yards to countless kilometers in size. The magnetic fields work as a form sunscreen, says NASA, which deflects solar wind particles. The deviation is on a much smaller scale than on Earth. While these magnetic fields cannot protect astronauts from solar radiation, they could defend the substance on the surface of the moon from the sun particles from deflecting the solar wind to the exterior of the magnetic field. A chemical reaction with the surface of the moon called makes the areas right outside the magnetic bubbles to darken. This darkening provides the moon with his motive for dark and light areas.